Table 1 Landmarks used to identify main divisions of the facial nerve. In addition, accurate localisation of the ZN is helpful during nerve mapping via nerve stimulation; this is of particular significance for those patients requiring facial reanimation [ 18 ]. By dividing the length of the mentum to the mastoid process by the length of the mandibular ramus, the authors determined a normalised ratio of 1. Special care is paid to the preservation of the deep temporal artery and the motor branch of the trigeminal nerve during the lateral surgical approaches. Other procedures include submandibular gland excision, facelift tactics, and liposuction, etc. Cookies are used by this site. He found out that this event is a common occurrence in such extractions and appears with different levels of severity.
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Both of which are important in facelift surgeries.
Marginal Mandibular Nerve
In the present study, the distance of the nerve from the inferior border of the mandible varied from 0. Rodel R, Lang J. The spinal trigeminal nucleus Sp5 is comprised of three nuclei: Immediately after coming out of the foramen, the mandibular nerve gives origin to various branches, particularly muscle nerves, then inferiorly, after a course of 4 cm, it divides into two large terminal branches: The most frequent cause of paralysis of this nerve is iatrogenic injury during operations in the mandibular or parotid regions.